The reinstatement of the draft age could see most of the youth especially students faced with the choice of being recruited into the military either against their will or according to their will depending on their on the spirit of patriotism and service to the country. The reinstatement of the draft will have both negative and positive effects either to the students or the growth of the nation (The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force, 27). The following can be the reasons why draft should not be reinstated.
The reinstatement of the raft could see the violation of the freedom of many citizens. This is majorly because of the conventional belief that a compulsory draft violates one's personal freedom (Anderson et al, 12). However the supporters of the draft claim that it is one’s responsibility towards the society. The idea itself is against human rights since one are not supposed to do anything against his/her will. This also contributes to the rise of unpopular wars this means that conscription enables the rulers to fight more wars without any caution i.e. they fight more wars carelessly (Anderson, et al, 13).
Another reason is the idea of conscription also leads to avoidance of activities such as schooling and marriage for the people who would want to evade such activities (Rostker, 24). This has an adverse long term negative effects to the society both socially and economically. This is for the reason that, there will be a way of avoiding them by being draftees. Such is not a good idea since one needs to be educated in order to foster personal and national development. This choice is highly economic inefficient because they may cause greater problems in the long run. This also leads to social problems in the society. Conscription also affects the education of students especially those recalled from school. A student James Graham states that “am opposed to students being drafted as they should be left here to further their knowledge and benefit the country, but I understand the pros and cons when you consider the underprivileged who can’t go to college” (Anderson et al, 27 )
Conscription is seen as a way of forcing individuals. An act not carried out unwillingly ends up being carried out poorly, therefore forcing people to join the military against their will may compromise the strength and morale of the fighting force (Anderson et al, 27). For example, people who do not want to fight are unlikely to be very motivated this is because it was not their wish, whereas volunteer armies are far more likely to be patriotic and motivated. Moreover, citizens who may have been very patriotic may become disillusioned with their country after being forced to participate in a war (Anderson et al, 29).
The process of conscription is not popular because it is seen as an unfair process, although it seems fair compared to volunteer armed forces which are mainly comprised of people of the middle class and the jobless(The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force). The forces are also paid low wages compared to the amount required to recruit the volunteer force of the same knowledge and skill (The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force). The draft also experiences social stratification since highly socially place citizens can escape the conscription. Last but not least women are not registered for the military draft which is very unfair (Anderson et al, 28)
It is also apparent that it is cheaper to train volunteer armed force than to train draftees this is because of the varying degree of willingness in both the draftees and volunteered armed forces (The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force, 2007).With the above disadvantages we find the reasons why draft should not be reinstated in a given society. It limits the freedom of the people, reduces the quality of the military due to unwillingness and lack of competence, avoidance of important social and economic activities, the training of draftees is costly, and last but not least the process of conscription is not fair. However the has positive effects to the society which would be the reasons for its reinstatement. The following are the positive effects of draft towards the society.
The process of conscription saves money for the armed forces this is because it saves the department of defense expenses such the process of advertising and recruitment of persons is costly but through conscription such costs are saved (Rostker, 75). This reason makes the reinstatement of draft considerable because it saves costs for the armed forces because bonuses, advertising and recruiting are no longer necessary with a steady stream of draftees (Rostker, 75). The process of conscription is the best way of ensuring the society is secured also the best way to support the freedom of society by maintaining an armed force that is ready at all times i.e. a ready military (Anderson, Martin, and Valerie Bloom).
The U.S Secretary of defense Donald Rumsfeld has stated the military successfully attracts and retains personnel in adequate numbers (Anderson, et al, 30). The process of draft reinstatement is seen to have both negative and positive effects to the society at large (Anderson, et al 33). At the process of constriction has a few positive effects to the society such as, it provides a standby military for the country (Anderson, et al, 34). However, it goes down to violating one’s freedom and also forces unwilling persons to join the military hence compromising the fighting strength and morale of the forces. Despite the fact that the drafting process is cheap it is also costly to train draftees compared to volunteered armed forces (The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force, 2007). The various reasons why draft should not be reinstated i.e. it violates an individual’s freedom; reduces the quality of the fighting and morale of the military; the training process of draftees is costly; the conscription process is not fair and avoidance of important social and economic activities such as schooling and marriage. These are the arguments against reinstatement of the draft.
There are also the various reasons why the draft the draft should be reinstated which are spearheaded with the fact that, the process of acquiring draftees is cheap compared to advertising and recruiting (The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force, 2007) and it also assures freedom and security to the society because of a ready military (Anderson, et al, 35).
- Anderson, Martin, and Valerie Bloom, eds. Conscription: A Select and Annotated Bibliography Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1976.
- Rostker, Bernard D. I Want You!: The Evolution of the All-Volunteer Armed Force. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, 2006.
- The Report of the President’s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force. New York: Collier Books, 2007